KHATIB Dairy established in the year 1990. Nasir katib started their business in Old Gangapur Nashik, Maharashtra. They started their business with 10 buffaloes and 10 works in the farm. At the start they were use to sell door to door milk. Currently Ajmal khatib and his brothers are running the dairy farms This research chooses khatib study
They Supply their milk to Sagar sweets and famous KULFI. Their competitors in the local market is ATUL Dairy Nashik where the Khatib Faces competition with. The customer of Khatib is huge as he was playing old market player in the market. The contact base of khatib is laid upon the khatib products qualities and trust on the product. Dairy milk production is improving the welfare for farmers. It generates daily income used for their living purposes: purchase of goods and services. Milk also provides them and society a high nutrition, and reduces the problem of malnutrition. Milk production and its value adding activities such as the processing, marketing and distribution of milk create employment opportunities for the society.
It aims is to analyze the milk yield, milk income, operating cost, margins, and profitability of dairy farms to see how the dairy farmers operate their farms and by what way they can improve their performance.
MILK PRODUCTION:-The milking area of monitoring farms ranged from 2 acers in pyire in Wadala and 1.5 acers pyire near YCMOU Institute. The largest area farm was two times higher than that of the smallest one. On the average, the milking area of the sample farms was 3.15 has per farm. In comparison to the average milking area in dairy farms in general. Land is used to grow grass and maize for the feed of cows. They produces 3000 Leters of milk daily. They feed more than maize, sugarcane crush and grass 6 to 7 tonne
EXPENSES TOWARDS: The expenses towards single cow is 250/- Milk production varied from this farm to the others. The highest 140,000 liters milk belongs to whose owner has been Largest herd and milking cows. The lowest belonged average, a dairy farm can produce74,859 kg milk, of which 73,498 kg was by family members or feed the newborn calves. The 3 | Page collecting center will collect a sample of milk every These samples will be analyzed to record the butterfat and protein farms was quite stable around 3.5% and range However, dairy farmers in Vietnam in general and indicators. They try their best to produce milk.
FARM INCOME: The average farm income per day of milk was1.5 lakhs and the annual turnover is near about 6 corers major source of farm income on the dairy farm incomes included stock sales of dairy, stock sales of others and other farm income. Because are on the way of accumulation, dairy farmers keep the entire milking cows they have; even some cows brought them a few amounts of milk (5 to 10 kg milk per day).They sell them only ins ome very special example, when milking cows die, diseases, or could not be pregnant, did not have Stock sales of others in farms mainly come from of cull cows. Dairy farmers do not raise other animals due to the regulation of the dairy plan land and very hard working in farms. Some of them one or two dogs as a guard, or raise ducks for their selffeeding. Other income be income from external sources such as: salary of the employed family members.
FARM OPERATING: COSTS The operating cost to produce a kg of milk was 6,795 on average. Feed-related cost included expenses for and homegrown feed, accounted for 8 cost .Proportion of feedrelated cost was total operating cost. Purchasing feed consisted of concentrates and grass purchasing component in the production cost of milk. On the average, purchased feed dominated and accounted for 70% total operating costs. The highest proportion feed cost total operating cost. These implied that the dairy farmers spend too much on purchasing the feed for their animals. This situation makes them to depend on the feed market. It also means that they are easy to be vulnerable or fluctuated, the price of feed increases production will increase while the output price is very difficult to rise Homegrown feed cost fluctuated from the minimum proportion of costs. On the average, it accounted for 17%. Concentrates in farm. During the monitoring period, none of the dairy farmers
Thanks to the larger herd size compared to other region in),in Nashik farms produced a rather high quantity of milk. This is the main factor that pushed the income of the farms. The farms also increased their total income through the other sources of income; however, they still depend too much on milk income and will be easy to be vulnerable if there is any shock in the market. Farm income varied from farms to farms, thus there was a large distance in milk margin among farms. It is the fact that the low education level, qualification have a negative impact on the farmers’ operating results. Meanwhile experience and land area impose positive impacts on their performance. Most of dairy farmers perform their farms by experience. The higher milk margins and profit mainly come from the longer time experience the farmers have and the larger land area. The longer experience farmers normally knowhow to operate their farms better and exploit their factors of production more effectively. Most of farmers in the region try their best to 5 | Page increase herd size and milk production. They started to pay attention to the herd improvement. They began to choose and buy the good breed of heifers, improve the welfare of the herd as install a cooling system for cows, establish a playground for cows, etc. They vaccinate them scientifically. However, there were many cows got diseases. In some farms, the cows’ interval is long at more than 400 days (monitor results). The proportion of protein and fat was not paid attention, thus it was low, from 3.0 to 3.5% (monitor results).
This is a favorable period for dairy farmers as milk price is reasonable and stable. In case of market shock, their production and lives will be more difficult. To ensure the sustainability and improve their performance, it is necessary for them to have a good and long-term strategy. They had better pay more attention to decision-making process in the orientation of more effectiveness. They should choose the suitable herd size based on their real factors of production such as land, labor, capital, etc. Larger herd size does not ensure them to get higher profit if they have to spend too much on purchasing feed. They should develop their skills and knowledge of milk production. They could exchange experience and self-learning by visiting and observing successful farms. They could compare their results with other farms to know whether they operate well or not and how to improve their results. They should not concentrate too much on the herd size and quantity of milk production, but should pay attention to the quality of herd and milk. Finally, support from the scientists and government is very important for them to increase their living standard.
Sandip Institute of Technology & Research Centre
Department of Management Studies